Network Formation: General Resources

Last Updated: 11 June 2024

Site Developed By:
Leigh Tesfatsion
Professor Emerita of Economics
Courtesy Research Professor of
    Electrical & Computer Engineering
Heady Hall 260
Iowa State University
Ames, Iowa 50011-1054
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Agent-Based Computational Economics (ACE) Website
ACE/ABM Network Formation Research

Table of Contents:

Important Disclaimer: Many excellent network formation resources originally posted at this site have had to be removed due to broken links. Below are annotated links to still-available resources that visitors might find useful and/or of historical interest.

Introductory Readings

ACE/ABM Network Formation Research

Software, Toolkits, and Computer Demos

Some Early Individual Researchers

Important Disclaimer: Research on social network formation is now so extensive it is impossible to maintain an up-to-date list of participants. Below is a listing (circa 2009) of some early individual researchers in this area.



John E. Abraham (Civil Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada): Microsimulation of urban economic and transportation systems for transportation planning, urban planning and policy analysis. Part of a team of Canadian researchers focusing on locational decisions of firms and households and the related decisions of land developers, and how these are influenced by the economic flows/trips that occur among given locations.

Howard E. Aldrich (Sociology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, U.S.A.): Entrepreneurship; Origins of new organizational populations; Organizational evolution.

Holly Arrow (Psychology, University of Oregon, Eugene): Human-subject experiments with endogenous formation of socioeconomic networks; Social psychology


Venkatesh Bala (Economics, McGill University, Montreal, Canada): Noncooperative theory of network formation; learning from neighbors; a strategic model of network reliability

Albert-László Barabási (Physics, University of Notre Dame, Indiana): Networks; Internet; Cellular Networks; Parasitic computing.

Jennifer L. Berdahl (Rotman School of Management, University of Toronto): The dynamics of composition and socialization in small groups -- insights gained from a computational model; A theory of groups as complex systems; Dynamics of diversity in work groups

Phillip Bonacich (Professor Emeritus, Sociology, University of California, Los Angeles): Social networks; Evolution of exchange networks.

Steve Borgatti (Organization Studies, Boston College, Massachusetts): Social networks; Knowledge flows in organizations; Network methodology.

Yann Bramoulle (Department of Economics, University of Laval, Quebec, Canada): Interdependent utilities and social networks.


Antoni Calvó-Armengol (Economics, ICREA, Universitat Autonoma de Barcelona and CEPR): Bargaining networks; Referral networks; Formation of socioeconomic networks.

Kathleen M. Carley (School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA): Computational and social and organization theory; dynamic social networks; multi-agent network models; group, organizational, and social adaptation and evolution; statistical models for dynamic network analysis and evolution; computational text analysis; and the impact of telecommunication technologies on communication and information diffusion within and among groups.

Alessandra Casella (Economics, Columbia University, N.Y.): Trade networks

Dean Corbae (Economics, University of Texas, Austin): Directed matching and monetary exchange; Endogenous market participation.

Margarida Corominas-Bosch (Economics, Universitat Pompeau Fabra, Barcelona): Bilateral trading networks modelled as bargaining models under rigid communication


Catherine Dibble (Geography, University of Maryland, College Park): Agent-based simulation; Computational laboratories in economic geography; Formation and effects of socio-economic networks in spatial landscapes; Small-world networks.

Elenna Dugundji (Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands): Land use transportation planning and policy; Long-term effects of multi-modal transportation infrastructure planning and pricing policy in relation to the residential choice behavior of households; Agent-based simulation within the framework of the AMADEUS research program.

Bhaskar Dutta (Economics, Warwick University, UKB): Endogenous formation of networks; Analyzing conflict between stability and efficiency in networks.


Victor M. Eguiluz (IMEDEA, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma de Mallorca, Spain): Dynamical models of socio-economical network formation and evolution.


Marcel Fafchamps (Center for the Study of African Economies, Oxford University, UK): Networks, communities, and markets in Subsahara Africa; Risk sharing in networks in rural Philippines; Market emergence, trust, and reputation.

Giorgio Fagiolo (St. Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy): ACE Labor market dynamics; Local interaction models; Evolution of social and economic networks; Learning; Endogenous interactions; Economics of innovation and technical change.

Linton C. Freeman (Sociology and Institute for Mathematical Behavioral Sciences, University of California at Irvine): Social network analysis; Visualizing social networks; Uncovering organizational hierarchies.


Nigel Gilbert (Department of Sociology, University of Surry, UK): Innovation networks; Simulation in the social sciences; Sociology of the environment and science policy.

Sanjeev Goyal (Department of Economics, University of Essex, Colchester, UK): Noncooperative theory of network formation; learning from neighbors; Collaboration and competition in networks; Strategic analysis of network reliability

Amy Greenwald (Computer Science, Brown University, Providence, RI): Learning in network contexts; Automated buyer search on electronic markets; Strategic dynamic pricing by software agents; Game theory.


Nobuyuki Hanaki (GREQAM, Aix-Marseille University, France): Co-evolution of individual behaviors and interaction structures; Networks and markets; Dynamics of collaboration networks

Joseph E. Harrington, Jr. (Economics, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, U.S.A.): Endogenous networks; Centralization versus decentralization in multi-unit organizations; Progressive ambition, electoral selection, and the creation of ideologues.

Dirk Helbing (Institute for Economics and Traffic, Dresden University of Technology, Germany): Concepts from physics applied to the study of supply networks and business cycles; Pedestrian and vehicle traffic; Sociodynamics and game theory; Econophysics.

Midori Hirokawa (Faculty of Economics, Hosei University, Tokyo): Formation of communities by natives and newcomers; Network design



Matthew O. Jackson (Economics, Stanford University, CA): Strategic models of social and economic networks; Evolution of social and economic networks; Coalition and Party Formation in legislative voting games; Reputation versus social learning.


Raja Kali (Economics, Sam M. Walton College of Business, University of Arkansas, Fayettesville): Institutional foundations of industrial organization; Endogenous business networks as a response to inadequate legal and financial institutions; The role of business networks in the process of economic development; Financial interlinkage and assortative matching.

Maureen Kilkenny (Resource Economics, University of Nevada-Reno): Spatial economics; Computable general equilibrium modelling

Alan Kirman (GREQAM - Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix Marseille, France): Market organization and trading relationships; Trade network structures; Endogenous interactions.

Rachel Kranton (Economics, University of Maryland, College Park): A theory of buyer-seller networks; Vertical integration, networks, and markets.

Valdis Krebs (Organizational Consultant, Organizational Network Analysis, DotCom): Building adaptive organizations in the networked knowledge economy; Organizational network mapping; Terrorist networks.



Michael W. Macy (Sociology, Cornell University, Ithaca, N.Y.): Informal social control in on-line trading communities; Coalition formation in exchange networks; Trust and cooperation in the U.S. and Japan; Management fads; Collective action; Evolutionary game theory; Deviance and social control; Social psychology; Social Exchange theory; Rational choice.

Filippo Menczer (School of Informatics and Department of Computer Science, Indiana University, Bloomington): Evolutionary agents to model societies and organizations; Referral networks in labor markets; Management networks in organizations.


Kai Nagel (Computer Science, TU Berlin): Large-scale agent-based microsimulations for transportation planning; Simulation of the economic decision-making that leads to demand for transportation; General micro-simulation of socio-economic systems.

Matthew G. Nagler (Economics, Lehman College, City University of New York): Network effects of sport utility vehicles; Negative externalities that breed network externalities (i.e. "stick networks" as opposed to "carrot networks"); Consumer behavior.

Anna Nagurney (Finance and Operations Management, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, Massachusetts): Network models of large-scale financial, transportation, and regional economic systems; Algorithms on serial and parallel computer architectures to predict flows of funds, people, goods, and services.


John M. Orbell (Professor Emeritus, Political Science, University of Oregon, Eugene): Evolution of cooperation and trust; Coordination issues and social chess; Intersection of evolutionary theory, cognitive science, and the study of human social relations; Evolutionary psychology.

David O'Sullivan (Geography, Penn State University, University Park): Cellular automata and graph based models applied to urban spatial phenomena; Internet geography; Geocomputation and agent-based modelling.


Denis Phan (Center for Research in Economics and Management, University of Rennes, France): Global and local effects of interaction structures; Network externalities; Small-world networks, phase transitions, and avalanches in ACE frameworks; Moduleco (an agent-based computational laboratory); Cognitive economics; Generic properties of complex adaptive systems.

Margaret M. Polski (Institute for Development Strategies, Indiana University, Bloomington, and A. T. Kearney, New York): Agent-based modelling; Economic development and institutional change; Innovation and growth in the new economy; Institutional evolution and change in U.S. commercial banking; Legislative games.



James E. Rauch (Economics, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California): Impact of bureaucratic structure on bureaucratic and economic performance; Incomplete information and networks in international trade; Networks and markets.


Giora Slutzki (Computer Science, Iowa State University, Ames): Graph theory; networks and game theory.

Tom A. B. Snijders (Department of Sociology, University of Groningen, the Netherlands): Evolution of social networks; Statistical methods; Simulation models; Random utility; Markov chain Monte Carlo; Simulation-based estimation.

Raphael Suire (Center for Research in Economics and Management, University of Rennes, France): Local interaction models; Social capital; Social networks; Spatial dynamics.


Leigh Tesfatsion (Economics, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa): Agent-based computational economics; The design of restructured wholesale power markets; A computational laboratory for visualizing and analyzing the formation of buyer-seller trade networks under alternative market structures; Market power, hysteresis, and excess earnings heterogeneity in labor markets arising from network and behavioral effects.

Ted Temzelides (Economics, University of Pittsburgh, PA): Directed matching and monetary exchange; Search equilibrium; Learning in market games.


Brian Uzzi (Kellogg Graduate School of Management, Northwestern University, Evanston): How professionals, entrepreneurs, and firms develop and use social networks to make markets and manage transactions.


Anne van de Nouweland (Economics, University of Oregon, Eugene): Link formation in cooperative situations

Fernando Vega-Redondo (Facultad de Económicas, Universidad de Alicante, Spain): Learning in games; Evolution; Networks; Complex dynamics.

Balázs Vedres (Sociology and Social Anthropology, Central European University): Social and economic transformation from a network perspective; The analysis of the sequences of network events; Inter-organizational and intra-organizational networks; Conceptual and discourse networks.

Nick Vriend (Economics, Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London): Dynamics of interactive market processes; Emergent properties of evolving market structures and outcomes.


Douglas White (Anthropology and Social Science, UC Irvine, Irvine, CA): Social networks and sociocultural complexity; longitudinal fieldsite and network ethnography; cross-cultural comparisons.

Allen Wilhite (Economics, University of Alabama in Huntsville): Small-world networks; Decision-making when agents are influenced by the decisions of others.

Ian F. Wilkinson (Marketing, University of Sydney, Australia): Evolution of institutional and network structures; Structural dynamics of industrial networks; the Kauffman NK model.

Randall D. Wright III (Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia): Dynamic matching in monetary exchange; Pricing and matching with frictions; Search equilibria.




Martin G. Zimmermann (Department of Physics, University of Buenos Aires): Dynamical models of socio-economic network formation and evolution.

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